Amerikaanse pers van 1895  1922

In de Verenigde Staten is uitgebreid bericht over de vervolging van Armeniërs en andere christelijke minderheden. De Verenigde Staten had tot 1917 een eigen consulair netwerk in het Ottomaanse Rijk en er waren een aanzienlijk aantal protestantse missionarissen actief. Na de massale vervolging tussen 1894 en 1896 tijdens het bewind van sultan Abdoel Hamid II was een aantal Armeniërs naar Amerika geëmigreerd, waardoor de Verenigde Staten ook een eigen Armeense gemeenschap kende. Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog heeft met name de New York Times uitputtend verslag gedaan van de genocide, alleen al in 1915 zijn er door de New York Times 145 artikelen gewijd aan de vervolging van Armeniërs. Dat de Amerikaanse ambassadeur in het Ottomaanse Rijk, Henry Morgenthau, de uitgever van de New York Times, Adolph Ochs, persoonlijk kende heeft hier zeker aan bijgedragen.

Morgenthau was in 1915 één van eersten die begreep dat de omvang van de vervolging van Armeniërs veelomvattender was dan eerdere vervolgingen; in juli 1915 sprak hij in een telegram aan zijn minister van Buitenlandse Zaken van “race extermination”. In eerste instantie probeerde Morgenthau de Amerikaanse regering te overtuigen om in te grijpen en oefende buiten zijn normale bevoegdheden als ambassadeur om grote druk uit op het heersende regime van Jong-Turken. Nadat bleek dat de druk die Morgenthau uitoefende geen vruchten afwierp heeft hij door middel van publiciteit het Amerikaanse publiek gemobiliseerd om via het mede door zijn toedoen opgerichte American Committee for Armenian and Assyrian Relief geld in te zamelen voor overlevenden van de genocide. Deze organisatie heeft uiteindelijk ongeveer een miljoen mensen het leven gered die de genocide overleefd hadden en ontheemd waren geraakt.

1895
Kurds and Christians – The New York Times, 16 januari 1895
Persecution of Armenians – The New York Times, 16 maart 1895
Kurdish Fiendish Cruelty – The New York Times, 19 maart 1895
Rustem Pasha Moved to Tears – The New York Times, 5 september 1895
Another Armenian Holocaust – The New York Times, 10 september 1895

1909
Missionaries Ask Aid – The New York Times, 20 april 1909
Kill Christians in Asiatic Turkey – The Wayne Country Democrat, 21 april 1909
Moslem Massacres Take 5,000 Lives – The New York Times, 21 april 1909
American Women in Peril at Hadjin – The New York Times, 23 april 1909
30,000 Killed in Massacres – The New York Times, 25 april 1909
Murder and Pillage Renewed at Adana – The New York Times, 28 april 1909
Days of Horror Descriped –The New York Times, 28 april 1909
Turkish Troops for Adana – The New York Times, 29 april 1909
Massacres Continue, Adana Terrorized – The New York Times, 5 mei 1909

1913
The Peril Of Armenia – The Living Age, januari 1913
Young Turks' misrule in Armenia – The Literary Digest, 5 juli 1913

1914
Moslems Threatening War on Christians – The New York Times, 31 oktober 1914
Report Christians In Peril In Turkey – The New York Times, 12 november 1914
Erzerum Fanatics Slay Christians – The New York Times, 29 november 1914
Turkish Peoples Misery – The New York Times, 5 december 1914
Turkish Woman Revolt – The New York Times, 14 december 1914
Hang Christians in Street – The New York Times, 14 december 1914

1915
Says Turks Advise Christians To Flee – The New York Times, 11 januari 1915
Christians In Great Peril – The New York Times, 13 januari 1915
Whole Plains Strewn By Armenian Bodies – The New York Times, 20 maart 1915
Turks Renew Massacres – The New York Times, 22 maart 1915
Pillage In Smyrna District – The New York Times, 19 april 1915
Kurds Massacre More Armenians – The New York Times, 26 april 1915
Appeal to Turkey to Stop Massacres – The New York Times, 28 april 1915
Morgenthau Intercedes – The New York Times, 29 april 1915
Kurds Renew Massacres – The New York Times, 1 mei 1915
"Spirit of doom" hangs over Turks – The New York Times, 5 mei 1915
Routed Turkish Army Pursued By Russian – The New York Times, 6 mei 1915
Pleas For Armenians – The New York Times, 15 mei 1915
Seeks Aid for Armenians – Saint Paul Pioneer Press, 16 mei 1915
Armenians Attack 2 Turkish Divisions – The New York Times, 17 mei 1915
6,000 Armenians Killed – The New York Times, 18 mei 1915
Allies To Punish Turks Who Murder – The New York Times, 24 mei 1915
Russians Save Armenians – The New York Times, 25 mei 1915
More Armenian Massacres – The New York Times, 6 juni 1915
Turks Are Evicting Native Christians – The New York Times, 12 juli 1915
Wholesale Massacres Of Armenians By Turks – The New York Times, 29 juli 1915
Report Turks Shot Women And Children – The New York Times, 4 augustus 1915
Armenian Horror Grows – The New York Times, 6 augustus 1915
The Armenians In Asia Minor – The Outlook, 18 augustus 1915
Armenians Are Sent To Perish In Desert – The New York Times, 18 augustus 1915
Burn 1,000 Armenians – The New York Times, 20 augustus 1915
Armenians Dying In Prison Camps – The New York Times, 21 augustus 1915
Turks Depopulate Towns Of Armenia – The New York Times, 27 augustus 1915
Turks Massacre Armenians Of Ismid – The New York Times, 3 september 1915
1,500,000 Armenians starve – The New York Times, 5 september 1915
Save the Armenians – Saint Paul Pioneer Press, 7 september 1915
An Autocratic Triumvirate – The New York Times, 14 september 1915
Answer Morgenthau By Hanging Armenians – The New York Times, 16 september 1915
Mission Board Told Of Turkish Horrors – The New York Times, 17 september 1915
Bryce Asks US To Aid Armenia – The New York Times, 21 september 1915
Rescued 5,000 Armenians – The New York Times, 23 september 1915
500,000 Armenians Said To Have Perished – The New York Times, 24 september 1915
Says Extinction Menaces Armenia – The New York Times, 25 september 1915
Tales Of Armenian Horrors Confirmed – The New York Times, 27 september 1915
The Depopulation Of Armenia – The Independent, 27 september 1915
Armenian Women Put Up For Auction – The New York Times, 29 september 1915
The Turkish Atrocities In Armenia – The Outlook, 29 september 1915
Armenian Officials Murdered By Turks – The New York Times, 30 september 1915
Asks Bernstorff's Aid To Prevent Massacres – The New York Times, 1 oktober 1915
Death Of Armenian People – The Literary Digest, 2 oktober 1915
Annihilation Of All Armenians Threatened – The Survey, 2 oktober 1915
Tell Of Horrors Done In Armenia – The New York Times, 4 oktober 1915
Government Sends Plea For Armenia – The New York Times, 4 oktober 1915
German Directed The Turks At Van – The New York Times, 6 oktober 1915
800,000 Armenians Counted Destroyed – The New York Times, 7 oktober 1915
Already Has $75,000 To Help Armenians – The New York Times, 7 oktober 1915
Exterminating The Armenians – The Literary Digest, 9 oktober 1915
Letters Tell Of Outrages – The New York Times, 10 oktober 1915
Defends Repression Of The Armenians – The New York Times, 10 oktober 1915
Turkish Statesman Denounces Atrocities – The New York Times, 10 oktober 1915
Armenian Appeal By Bryce In Full – The New York Times, 10 oktober 1915
To Plead For Armenians – The New York Times, 11 oktober 1915
Turkish Horrors In Persia – The New York Times, 11 oktober 1915
Massacres Renewed, Morgenthau Reports – The New York Times, 13 oktober 1915
Turks Fear Armenians – The New York Times, 13 oktober 1915
Turkish Official Denies Atrocities – The New York Times, 15 oktober 1915
We Can Do Nothing Further – The New York Times, 16 oktober 1915
Says Only Germany Can Save Armenians – The New York Times, 16 oktober 1915
American Appeal To America For Help – The Survey, 16 oktober 1915
Armenian Leaders Answered Djelal Bey – The New York Times, 17 oktober 1915
The Assassination Of A Race – The Independent, 18 oktober 1915
Thousands Protest Armenian Murders – The New York Times, 18 oktober 1915
The Kind Of Armenians A Turk Knows – The New York Times, 18 oktober 1915
Turkey Bars Red Cross – The New York Times, 19 oktober 1915
Germany Says She Cannot Stop Turks – The New York Times, 22 oktober 1915
Only 200,000 Armenians Now Left In Turkey – The New York Times, 22 oktober 1915
Accuse Armenians Of Wronging Turks – The New York Times, 22 oktober 1915
Can't Defend Armenians – The New York Times, 25 oktober 1915
Slay All Armenians In City Of Kerasunt – The New York Times, 26 oktober 1915
The Light That May Go Out In Turkey – The New York Times, 28 oktober 1915
Who Can Save Armenia? – The Literary Digest, 30 oktober 1915
Aid For Armenians Blocked By Turkey – The New York Times, 1 november 1915
Protest of German Teachers Against Massacres of Armenians – Current History, november 1915
Armenians' Heroic Stand In The Mountains – The New York Times, 27 november 1915
The Man From Constantinople – The Outlook, 8 december 1915
Pope May Make New Plea To Kaiser – The New York Times, 9 december 1915
Woman Describes Armenian Killings – The New York Times, 12 december 1915
Million Armenians Killed Or In Exile – The New York Times, 15 december 1915
Germany Protested Armenian Massacres – The New York Times, 23 december 1915

1916
500 Armenians Slain Under Turkish Order – The New York Times, 15 januari 1916
Saved by American Consul – The New York Times, 18 januari 1916
Bryce Asks America to Succor Armenians – The New York Times, 26 januari 1916
The Murder Of Armenia – The Living Age, 6 februari 1916
Saw Armenians Go Starving To Exile – The New York Times, 6 februari 1916
Tells Of Great Plain Black With Refugees – The New York Times, 7 februari 1916
American Burned Alive by Turks – The New York Times, 8 februari 1916
Ransoms Armenian Girls – The New York Times, 13 februari 1916
Appeals for Armenians – The New York Times, 18 februari 1916
Promising to Hang Some Turks – The New York Times, 22 februari 1916
Bryce Trust America – The New York Times, 23 februari 1916
Detail Armenians' Plight – The New York Times, 2 maart 1916
Plea For the Armenians – The New York Times, 5 maart 1916
Russians Slaughter Turkish Third Army – The New York Times, 6 maart 1916
Armenians Get Relief – The New York Times, 8 maart 1916
Morgenthau Sees Wilson – The New York Times, 10 maart 1916
Beat Off 4,000 Turks – The New York Times, 12 maart 1916
Armenia's Need – The Literary Digest, 17 juni 1916
Recent Reports From Turkey – Missionary Review of the World, juli 1916
Turkey's Treatment Of The Armenians – The Outlook, 5 juli 1916
Armenians Dying in Prison Camps – The New York Times, 21 augustus 1916
Signs of Death in Turkey – Missionary Review of the World, oktober 1916
Armenia – The Outlook, 4 oktober 1916
Half Armenia's People Slain; Ask Aid for Rest – The Day, 4 oktober 1916
Lord Bryce On The Armenian Atrocities – The Outlook, 18 oktober 1916
Lord Bryce's Report On Turkish Atrocities In Armenia – Current History, november 1916
The Total of Armenian and Syrian Dead – Current History, november 1916
The Calvary Of A Nation – The Atlantic Monthly, november 1916
Why the Armenians Were Killed – The Literary Digest, 11 november 1916
Turkish Foreign Minister's Defense of Armenian Massacres – Current History, december 1916
Behind The Turkish Barrier – The Outlook, 20 december 1916

1917
Massacre by Decree – The New Republic Magazine, 27 januari 1917
Horrors of Armenian Encampments – Current History, februari 1917
Armenian and Civilization – Current History, februari 1917
Our Armenian Allies – The Independent, 23 juni 1917
Must armenia Perish? – The Independent, 23 juni 1917
The Armenian Tragedy – Current History, augustus 1917
Who Is Armenia! – The Literary Digest, 1 september 1917
A Call To Rescue Armenia – The Literary Digest, 29 september 1917
Germany's Sins Indicated By A German – The Literary Digest, 6 oktober 1917
Turks Bury Armenians Babies Alive in work of ... – The Cornell Daily Sun, 18 oktober 1917
German Guilt For Armenian Blood – The Literary Digest, 27 oktober 1917
Germany And The Armenian Atrocities – Current History, november 1917
Armenians Killed With Axes By Turks – Current History, november 1917
The Rescue Of Armenia – Missionary Review of the World, november 1917
The Massacred Armenians – The American Review, december 1917

1918
Shadows of War – The Independent, 5 januari 1918
Tallat Says Turks Fight For Life – The New York Times, 17 februari 1918
The Greatest Horror in History – The Red Cross Magazine, maart 1918
How Your Gift Is Saving The Armenians – The Literary Digest, 9 maart 1918
Persecuted Armenia – The Century Magazine, september 1918
Heir Apparent Blames ex-Ministers – The New York Times, 27 november 1918
Millions Slain By Turks – The New York Times, 6 december 1918
Sultan Searching Out Authors Of Killings – The New York Times, 7 december 1918
Turk Chamber Dissolved – The New York Times, 27 december 1918
Armenians Issue Protest – The New York Times, 30 december 1918

1919
Tells of Turk Atrocities – The New York Times, 3 januari 1919
Saw Turkish Atrocities – The New York Times, 1 februari 1919
Saw Armenians Drowned in Groups – The New York Times, 3 februari 1919
Turkish Trails Begin – The New York Times, 12 februari 1919
"Ravished Armenia" in Film – The New York Times, 15 februari 1919
Show "Ravished Armenia" – The New York Times, 17 februari 1919
A Scapegoat Sought In Turkey – The New York Times, 19 februari
Enver's 100,000 – The New York Times, 11 maart 1919
Wants an Armenian Inquiry – The New York Times, 13 maart 1919
Turks Hang Kemal Bey For Armenian Massacres – The New York Times, 14 april 1919
Still Murder Armenians – The New York Times, 19 april 1919
Execution Of Kemal Bey – The New York Times, 20 april 1919
Armenian Girls Tell Of Massacres – The New York Times, 1 juni 1919
Reports Asia Minor Looking To America – The New York Times, 7 juni 1919
Turkey Condemns Its War Leaders – The New York Times, 13 juli 1919
Tells of Armenian's Woes – The New York Times, 20 juli 1919
Turks To Ask Allies To Let Them Extradite Enver Pasha – The New York Times, 20 juli 1919
Armenian Tells Of Death Pilgrimage – The New York Times, 27 juli 1919
Stories Of Liberated Armenians – Current History, juli 1919
Between Massacres in Van – National Geographic Magazine, augustus 1919
Germany And The Armenian Massacres – Current History, november 1919
Land of the Stalking Death – National Geographic Magazine, november 1919
How Armenians are Hold Back by Fate – The Holt County Sentinel, 19 december 1919
Armenians May Be Exterminated If U.S. Refuses Help – The Maui News, 19 december 1919
Ambassador Elkus Talks of Armenia – The Holt County Sentinel, 19 december 1919

1920
Armenian Girl, Broken in Health, ... – The Minneapolis Morning Tribune, 4 januari 1920
Armenia's Cry For Justice – The Literary Digest, 21 februari 1920
Armenians Die by Thousands in Massacres – The Bisbee Daily Review, 29 februari 1920
Shall Armenia Perish? – The Independent, 28 februari 1920

1921
Talaat Pasha Slain In Berlin Suburb – The New York Times, 16 maart 1921
Assassin Boats Of Talaat's Death – The New York Times, 17 maart 1921
Talaat Is Mourned As Germany's Friend – The New York Times, 18 maart 1921
Says Mother's Ghost Ordered Him To Kill – The New York Times, 3 juni 1921
Armenian Acquitted For Killing Talaat – The New York Times, 4 juni 1921
They Simply Had To Let Him Go – The New York Times, 6 juni 1921
Turks to Rebuild Mosques with Armenian Skulls – The Literary Digest, 25 juni 1921
An Armenian in America – The New York Times, 29 juni 1921
Why Talaat's Assassin Was Acquitted – Current History, juli 1921
Girl-Slave of Turks Who Found Refuge ... – The Minneapolis Morning Tribune, 23 november 1921

1922
Armenian's Tragic Finish – The Literary Digest, 25 februari 1922
Crimes Of Turkish Misrule – Current History, oktober 1922
The Massacres Of Armenians In 1915 – Current History, oktober 1922

Colofon